05 Dec Collective Bargaining Agreement Austria 2020
The “social partners”, i.e. the Chamber of Commerce as a quasi-state employers` organisation, and trade unions play a decisive role in the management of the short-term programme. The introduction of partial unemployment requires employers to sign a model agreement drawn up by the social partners, which is then counter-signed by the social partners and staff concerned, with staff represented by the Works Council when such a representative body has been elected. Collective bargaining in Austria is highly coordinated throughout the economy. Indeed, there is a “typical bargaining” practice in which the metallurgical industry is the first major sector to conduct wage negotiations in the annual bargaining process. The results have an important signal effect for other sectors and are taken as models. However, in practice, due to the relative strength of metalworkers` unions, they are often one of the highest collective agreements compared to other sectors. Despite this strong coordination of collective agreements, the Austrian system of collective bargaining is not characterized by a centralized wage fixing. Collective agreements may be concluded on a temporary or indeterminate basis.
They can be signed indefinitely and terminated no earlier than one year. Minimum wages are not prescribed by law, but by collective agreement, which cover about 99% of the Austrian labour force. Recently, the social partners, who are collective agreements and represent all employers and the entire labour force in a given trade or sector, have found that minimum wages cannot be less than 1500 euros per month (full-time) under collective agreements. At the enterprise level, the Works Council must participate, as part of its social rights, in the regulation of all social issues within the company; For some, it has a right of co-decision, for others it can refer the matter to a conciliation body in the absence of an agreement with the employer. This chamber, composed of an equal number of representatives of both parties, with a judge as a neutral president, is responsible by the labour tribunal and the relevant social court to reach an agreement between the parties on the case in question and, if so, to decide the case itself. The minimum wage for agricultural aid in Austria varies from state to state, with each country having its own collective agreements.