05 Dec Canada Us Water Agreement
Over the years, more than 100 border water issues have been referred to the IJC. In addition, the IJC has established numerous control bodies, pollution plates, water basins, advisory councils and study committees. The IJC website provides more details on past and present bodies and task forces. A fourth dimension is the economic dimension. You can read a lot of the entrepreneurs` statements that it is about making buckets of money by selling Canadian water. Most of these allegations are based on three erroneous assumptions. The first is the cost. For example, while I was in government, we had a high-end engineer who underwent an independent analysis of the cost of the Canal scheme. He estimated that the costs would be at least ten times higher than what the proponents claimed. Greg Haller, the CEO of Pacific Rivers, an Oregon-based conservation group, says ecosystem management – regulating the river to protect salmon stocks in the lower weds – is now managed ad hoc and should be part of any new agreement. “Let`s have a system to be able to ask for real amounts of water – if we have to pay, okay – to meet the needs of the ecosystem.” The BWT declares border waters “forever . . .
“free and open” to ships marked by the United States or Canada. BWT, art. I. The assimilated rights of navigation enjoyed by ships of both States are counterbalanced by the right and authority of each state to reasonably regulate trade on its respective sides of the international maritime border. Minnesota vs. Minnesota Block, 660 F.2d 1240 (8th Cir. 1981). The United States has exercised this right and authority by enacting laws and regulations to regulate navigation, navigational safety and environmental protection. See z.B 46.C 9301-9308 (Great Lakes flight requirements); 33 C.F.R. Part 401 (Shipping Rules for St. Lawrence Seaway). Finally, the export of tankers may be an exception.
But this could only serve communities on the east and west coasts of the southern United States. The economy around oil tanker exports to North America is a little better than for large diversions, but it would still not be profitable at this point. Newfoundland and Labrador looked at this possibility in great detail and decided that it would not work on the east coast. And on the west coast, Alaska has had a sales sign for two decades and has yet to sell its first shipment of water. The mass distance is the distance of water from border or border waters and the removal of that water, whether treated or not, outside the Canadian part of the basin, which is defined in Appendix 2, where the waters are located The fifth dimension is the connection to water and energy. In theory, water scarcity could still be overcome by a combination of desalination, very high water treatment and long-distance water. But these options are all huge energy destroyers. The further we go, the sooner we will get to the inevitable global energy shortage. Of course, it is also the opposite. The sooner we waste non-renewable energy sources, the sooner we will get regional water limits. The impact of oil sands development on the Athabasca River is a good example.
Marginal note: Prohibition – Elimination of border waters Canada and the United States enjoy “identical and similar rights in the use of water” on their side of the border, and in the event of a dispute between competing uses, water use priorities are categorized as housing and sanitation; Navigation (Article VIII). Environment and Climate Change Canada assists the IJC and provides secretariat and technical assistance. Environment and Climate Change Canada also monitors water levels, flows and quality to ensure compliance with the JMI`s objectives and BWT requirements and related agreements, including water distribution rules.