21 Dec Withdrawal Agreement Brexit Signed
Johnson said he would not use the option he has in the withdrawal agreement to extend that transition period. The Prime Minister said the 11-month time available without a new extension was “ample” time to reach a comprehensive agreement. Boris Johnson has officially signed the EU withdrawal agreement and smiles, as he described it as a “fantastic moment” for the country. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   Here is a non-exhaustive list of documents relating to the UK`s planned withdrawal from the EU, documents relating to the UK and its position in the EU, and a list of useful links in this regard. The nearly 600-page document contains agreements on citizens` rights, the UK`s financial commitments worth 33 billion pounds over the bloc and the Northern Ireland Protocol, which sets out how to maintain an open border on the island of Ireland. Representatives of the UNITED Kingdom and the EU signed the withdrawal agreement. The signatures mark a new stage in the ratification process after Parliament passed the Brexit Act earlier this week. The European Parliament will vote on the agreement on 29 January.
The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). Before the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations. The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations.
The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. After the document was signed in Brussels, it was brought to Downing Street by EU and British officials to be signed by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, which expires on Friday.